If you’re trying to select an operating system for your enterprise server, it is easy to feel overwhelmed. When choosing a data center server OS knowing the pros and cons of Windows server vs. Linux server is important. When it comes to server operating systems, it is a tight two-horse race. However, according to one IT adviser who spends a lot of time with both Windows and Linux servers, it’s a matter of arguing which server OS is the most efficient in the context of the job that needs to be done, based on factors like cost, ease of operation, server performance, security and level of usage.
Windows may be the operating system most people are familiar with in the office, but Linux has a massive edge in the server world. This may be largely due to the fact, that most versions of Linux are Open Source and that enables developers to simply write code without the need for IDKs (Integration Development Kit) or any licenses from Microsoft. Even the IDEs (integrated Development Environment) are mostly Open Source.
Windows and Linux Server Security
Anyone who knows little about coding would think that this leaves Linux versions vulnerable, but it’s the exact opposite because developers quickly release patches to shore up any holes in the system far quicker than Microsoft. That’s probably because there are many more developers working finding and working on the problems in the first place. So essentially, a Linux server is far less vulnerable to attack than a Windows setup.
One important point to reseal when assessing the vulnerability of an operating system is the background of file handling and privileges attributed to users. Linux was designed to be a multi-user operating system long before Microsoft understood the implications of developing Windows Server OS to accommodate one user primarily. They may claim to have considered it, but any decent coder knows that only a ‘superuser’ or system root can make critical changes on a Linux server, but Windows often suffers because the privileges and are less set in stone on Windows servers.
Windows Server Vs Linux Server Stability
Linux servers are renowned for their stability and it’s incredibly rare to experience crashes. Anyone who has worked their way through a Windows Server crash dump for a few hours and tried to create a work around that may or may not work will attest to the value of a stable Linux server. Both Red Hat Enterprise and Ubuntu Server are extremely stable Linux server operating systems and massively supported by developers that make them a joy to install and forget.
It is possible to get the best of both worlds with Windows server solutions from Dell because even Microsoft has conceded by ensuring the latest update for Windows Server 2012 will run any version of Linux with it’s Hyper-V visualization engine. In other words, Microsoft has realized it can’t beat Linux so has tried to join them instead. The question is why would you pay for the privilege of using Windows Server only to run more cost effective Linux in a virtual machine? Even .Net applications easily port Linux machines so, if like the rest of us your university had free Microsoft software for students, you can still develop in your most comfortable setup without compatibility issues.
Being part of the a leading computer manufacturer, I know the great range of Windows server solutions from Dell available, which can be found on our site. Why don’t you check them out?
Having said that, Linux and open-source applications are very popular in the Internet-facing extranet of various enterprise and Linux has become a kind of mainstream technology for popular tech companies, which use it in a wide range of products and services — for example Amazon’s EC2 computing environment data centers rely on Xen-based Linux servers and Google’s production servers and data centers run Linux. Perhaps this explains why Linux appears to be more successful on the server market?